Kassai, M., Hashimoto, H., Shiraishi, T., Teraji, A. et al., "Mechanism Analysis on LSPI Occurrence in Boosted S. I. Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1867, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1867.
Mechanism of suddenly occurring behavior of low speed pre-ignition (LSPI) in boosted spark ignition (SI) engines was analyzed with various experimental methodologies.Endoscope-visualized 1st cycle of LSPI showed droplet-like luminous flame kernels as the origin of flame propagation before spark ignition. With the oil lubricated visualization engine, droplets flying were observed only after enough accumulation of fuel at piston crevice. Also, it was confirmed that subsequent cycles of LSPI occur only after enough operation time.These results indicated that local accumulation of liner adhered fuel and saturation of oil dilution can be a contributing factor to the sudden occurrence of LSPI.