Priesching, P., Bogensperger, M., Schneider, J., and Poredos, A., "About Describing the Knocking Combustion in Gasoline and Gas Engines by CFD Methods," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1911, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1911.
Spark ignited engines are today operated more and more often under high load conditions, where one reason can be identified in the necessity of increasing the efficiency and hence reducing fuel consumption and specific CO2 emissions. Since the gasoline engine operation is inherently limited by knocking at high loads, strategies must be identified, which allow reliable identification and simulation of the appearance of this undesirable type of combustion. A new numerical model for the description of those kinds of pre-flame reactions in a CFD framework is discussed in this paper. Despite emphasis is put here on the auto-ignition effects, it will also be explained that the model is capable of supporting the engine development process in all combustion and emission related aspects.