Miyata, S., Kuwahara, Y., Kobashi, Y., Kuwahara, K. et al., "Artificial Control of Diesel Spray and Flame Feature by using Dual-component Fuel," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1916, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1916.
Fuel design approach has been proposed as the control technique of spray and combustion processes in diesel engine to improve thermal efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions. In order to kwow if this approach is capable of controlling spray flame structure and interaction between the flame and a combustion chamber wall, the present study investigated ignition and flame characteristics of dual-component fuels, while varying mixing fraction, fuel temperature and ambient conditions. Those characteristics were evaluated through chemiluminescence photography and luminous flame photography. OH radical images and visible luminous flame images were analyzed to reveal flame shape aspect ratio and its fractal dimension.