Pignol, F., Tijs, E., Fernandez Comesana, D., and Kim, D., "Assessing Panel Noise Contribution of a Car Engine Using Particle Velocity Sensors," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2248, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2248.
In order to apply an effective noise reduction treatment determining the contribution of different engine components to the total sound perceived inside the cabin is important. Although accelerometer or laser based vibration tests are usually performed, the sound contributions are not always captured accurately with such approaches. Microphone based methods are strongly influenced by the many reflections and other sound sources inside the engine bay.Recently, it has been shown that engine radiation can be effectively measured using microphones combined with particle velocity sensors while the engine remains mounted in the car . Similar results were obtained as with a dismounted engine in an anechoic room.This paper focusses on the measurement of the transfer path from the engine to the vehicle interior in order to calculate the sound pressure contribution of individual engine sections at the listener's position. To achieve a good signal to noise ratio during acoustic transfer paths a novel monopole loudspeaker was designed. The measurement method and monopole sound source are presented along with results of a validation test.