Plattenburg, J., Dreyer, J., and Singh, R., "Modeling of Active and Passive Damping Patches with Application to a Transmission Casing Cover," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 8(3):928-937, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2261.
Combined active and passive damping is a recent trend that can be an effective solution to challenging NVH problems, especially for lightweight vehicle components that demand advanced noise and vibration treatments. Compact patches are of particular interest due to their small size and cost, however, improved modeling techniques are needed at the design stage for such methods. This paper presents a refined modeling procedure for side-by-side active and passive damping patches applied to thin, plate-like, powertrain casing structures. As an example, a plate with fixed boundaries is modeled as this is representative of real-life transmission covers which often require damping treatments. The proposed model is then utilized to examine several cases of active and passive patch location, and vibration reduction is determined in terms of insertion loss for each case. Results are compared to an experiment with an actual transmission casing for validation, using piezoelectric active patches and constrained-layer passive patches with a viscoelastic core. Conclusions are drawn about patch size and location in terms of NVH reduction capability, and guidelines are suggested for the dynamic design process.