Catherino, H., "An Analysis of Heat Generation in a Lithium Ion Cell," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2420, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2420.
The heat generation rate of a lithium ion cell was estimated using a reversible heat generation rate equation. Because the equation is based on the energy conservation law, the influence of kinetically slow processes should be considered. In this analysis, the influence of kinetically slow processes is present but it is small within the domain of the test measurements. This approximation can be of significant usefulness for modeling the thermal response of single cells and multi-cell batteries.