Sriwiboon, M., Tiempan, N., Kaewlob, K., and Rhee, S., "Brake Squeal and Wheel Dust vs. Disc Wear: No-Copper, Low-Copper and High-Copper NAOs," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 9(1):112-117, 2016, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2660.
In a previous investigation, brake squeal was found to be related to disc wear, but not to pad wear or in-stop average coefficient of friction as tested according to the SAE J2522 performance procedure, using Low-Copper NAOs. To further validate the disc wear - squeal correlation, a variety of formulations of No-Copper, Low-Copper and High-Copper NAO disc pads were made and tested to investigate friction, pad wear, disc wear, brake squeal and wheel dust formation. It is found that disc weight loss measured at the end of the burnish cycle of the SAE J2522 (AK Master) is closely related to dynamometer/vehicle brake squeal and vehicle wheel dust formation, and that there is a critical disc wear rate of approximately 1.0 grams for the current brake system, below which brake squeal and wheel dust are minimal. It is also found that there is no correlation between brake squeal and in-stop average friction coefficient, in-stop maximum friction coefficient or in-stop friction coefficient variations during the burnish cycle of SAE J2522 (AK Master).