Yin, Y., Rakheja, S., Yang, J., and Boileau, P., "Analysis of a Flow Volume Regulated Frame Steering System and Experimental Verifications," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2740, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2740.
The articulated frame steering (AFS) systems are widely implemented in construction, forestry and mining vehicles to achieve enhanced maneuverability and traction performances. The kinematic and dynamic performances of articulated steered vehicles are strongly influenced by properties of the frame steering system. In this paper, a flow volume regulated frame steering system is described and analytically modelled. The analytical model of the steering system is formulated in conjunction with yaw-plane model of a 35 tonnes mining vehicle to investigate steady as well as transient responses of the steering system and the vehicle. A field test program was undertaken to measure responses of the steering system and the vehicle under nearly constant speed turning as well as path-change maneuvers. The validity of the vehicle and the steering system model is demonstrated on the basis of the measured data in terms of steering wheel angle, articulation angle, hydraulic struts pressure, struts displacements and vehicle yaw rate. The results revealed reasonably good agreements between the measured and model responses under the maneuvers considered. The model could thus serve as an important tool to study the design optimization of steering system components so as to achieve minimal yaw oscillations and higher critical speeds. This is demonstrated through a design parameter sensitivity analyses to assess the effect of steering valve time constant on the vehicle response. The results suggested that reducing the valve time constant can increase the response speed of both the AFS system and the vehicle, while reducing the overshoot in the articulation angle response.