Patidar, A., Gupta, U., and Bansal, A., "Fuel Efficiency Improvement of Commercial Vehicle by Investigating Drag Resistance," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2893, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2893.
Market driven competition in global trade and urgency for controlling the atmospheric air pollution are the twin forces, which have urged Indian automobile industries to catch up with the international emission norms. Improvement in the fuel efficiency of the vehicles is one way to bind to these stringent norms. It is experimentally proven that almost 40% of the available useful engine power is being consumed to overcome the drag resistance and around 45% to overcome the tire rolling resistance of the vehicle. This as evidence provides a huge scope to investigate the influence of aerodynamic drag and rolling resistances on the fuel consumption of a commercial vehicle.The present work is a numerical study on the influence of aerodynamic drag resistance on the fuel consumption of a commercial passenger bus. The commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tool FLUENT™ is used as a virtual analysis tool to estimate the drag coefficient of the bus. Around 30% improvement in the drag coefficient is achieved by CFD driven changes in the bus design. Thus at 60 kmph vehicle speed, approximately 17% fuel consumption can be reduced.