Merola, S., Irimescu, A., Valentino, G., Tornatore, C. et al., "Experimental Evaluation of an Advanced Ignition System for GDI Engines," SAE Int. J. Engines 8(5):2351-2367, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-24-2520.
A plasma ignition system was tested in a GDI engine with the target of combustion efficiency improvement without modifying engine configuration. The plasma was generated by spark discharge and successively sustained to enhance its duration up to 4 ms.The innovative ignition system was tested in an optically accessible single-cylinder DISI engine to investigate the effects of plasma on kernel stability and flame front propagation under low loads and lean mixture (λ≅1.3). The engine was equipped with the head of a commercial turbocharged engine with similar geometrical specifications (bore, stroke, compression ratio). All experiments were performed at 2000 rpm and 100 bar injection pressure.UV-visible 2D chemiluminescence was applied in order to study the flame front inception and propagation with particular interest in the early combustion stages. A bandpass filter allowed selecting luminous signal due to OH radicals. Plasma ignition improved the efficiency and stability of early combustion stages. Moreover, increase in the OH emission intensity and area was detected. Flame front and OH emissions morphology were correlated with thermodynamic data and CO, NOx, HC exhaust emissions.