Ortenzi, F., Pede, G., and Antonini, P., "Design of the Storage System of a High Performance Hybrid Vehicle," SAE Technical Paper 2015-24-2544, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-24-2544.
Within the “Industria 2015” Italian framework program, the HI-ZEV project has the aim to develop two high performance vehicles: one full electric and one hybrid. This paper deals with the electric energy storage (EES) design and testing of the hybrid vehicle.A model of the storage system has been developed, simulating each cell like an electric generator with more RC circuits in series. To take account of the heat transfer, a forced convection model has been used with the air speed proportional to the vehicle speed.The model had two calibration steps: the first has determined the electrical parameters of the model (open voltage circuit, internal resistances and capacitors); the second to calibrate the heat transfer model. The first calibration has been made on a climatic chamber at 23 °C discharging one single module with different constant currents from 5C (5 times the nominal capacity) to 25C and charging with currents in the range from 1C to 5C. (where C means the current rate the flow in the battery in 1 hour)The results show that for all the tested cycles the battery pack designed is able to run safely, not exceeding the limit temperature (50 °C). The model developed and validated can be a useful tool in the design phase of a battery pack system.