Arai, Y., Hasegawa, M., and Harigae, T., "Research on Method for Classifying Injury Severity Using Motorcycle Accident Data for ISO 26262," SAE Int. J. Engines 9(1):397-404, 2016.
ISO 26262 was established in 2011 as a functional safety standard for passenger cars. In this standard, ASILs (Automotive Safety Integrity Levels) representing safety levels for passenger cars are determined by evaluating the hazardous events associated with each item constituting an electrical and/or electronic safety-related system according to three evaluation criteria including injury severity. On the other hand, motorcycles will be included in the scope of application of ISO 26262 in the next revision. It is expected that a severity evaluation for motorcycles will be needed because motorcycles are clearly different from passenger cars in vehicle mass and structure. Therefore, this study focused on severity class evaluation for motorcycles. A method of classifying injury severity according to vehicle speed was developed on the basis of accident data. In addition, a severity table for motorcycles classifying injury severity according to vehicle speed for each accident type was produced using accident data involved with motorcycles in Japan.