Maticu, F., Pop, P., Axbrink, C., and Islam, M., "Automatic Functionality Assignment to AUTOSAR Multicore Distributed Architectures," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0041, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0041.
The automotive electronic architectures have moved from federated architectures, where one function is implemented in one ECU (Electronic Control Unit), to distributed architectures, where several functions may share resources on an ECU. In addition, multicore ECUs are being adopted because of better performance, cost, size, fault-tolerance and power consumption. In this paper we present an approach for the automatic software functionality assignment to multicore distributed architectures. We consider that the systems use the AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture (AUTOSAR). The functionality is modeled as a set of software components composed of subtasks, called runnables, in AUTOSAR terminology. We have proposed a Simulated Annealing metaheuristic optimization that decides: the (i) mapping of software components to multicore ECUs, (ii) the assignment of runnables to the ECU cores, (iii) the clustering of runnables into tasks and (iv) the mapping of tasks to “OS-Applications” (used to isolate mixed safety-criticality functions). We are interested to determine an implementation such that (1) the mapping constraints are satisfied, (2) the runnables are schedulable and (3) they are spatially and temporally isolated if they have different safety-criticality levels, (4) the overall communication bandwidth is minimized and (5) the utilization of the cores and ECUs is balanced. The proposed approach was evaluated on three realistic case studies.