Jain, P., Bhumre, P., and Jain, S., "Common Automobile Program to Improve Mass Transportation," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0154, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0154.
This paper describes the Common Automobile Program (CAP) that can be implemented to improve mass transportation. CAP is the use of automated electric vehicles using smart navigation and control technologies to improve mass transportation. In CAP, common vehicles are used by different passengers, thus, reducing the on-road traffic and also the parking space required. Various low-cost stations are to be built along specified paths and the vehicle can be used at the convenience of the commuter. Currently, buses and trains require the passengers to wait at the station and a significant amount of time is spent at intermediate stops. The vehicle in CAP runs directly from origin to destination and also eliminates the waiting time at stations. Passengers do not wait for vehicles; instead vehicles wait for the passengers. The journey starts as the passenger enters the station and selects the destination. The tracks can be built using the current infrastructure with some modifications, thus, reducing the infrastructure costs. Capacities of vehicles vary from two to twenty or more seats. CAP will reduce the carbon emissions, save the driving efforts, increase land utilization by reduction in parking space and reduce the number of accidents; providing a safe, quick, reliable, eco-friendly means of transportation.