Ranjan, R., Jha, K., Brahmasani, L., and Khan, P., "Prediction of Engine Thermal Behavior during Emission Cycle Using 1D Four Point Mass Model," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0197, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0197.
The traditional approach of engine thermal behavior of engine during startup has largely been dependent on experimental studies and high fidelity simulations like CFD. However, these techniques require considerable effort, cost and time. The low fidelity simulations validated with experimental results are becoming more popular due to their ease in handling the several parameters such as cost effectiveness and quick predictive results. A four point mass model of engine thermal behavior during cold start has been developed to study the engine warm up temperature behavior. The four point mass model considers the lumped mass of coolant, mass of engine directly associated with the coolant, mass of engine oil and mass of engine directly associated with the engine oil. The advantage of four point model is to predict the coolant temperature as well as lubricant temperature during the transient warm up cycle of the engine. The error between predicated temperatures and experimental are within 10%.