Drignei, D., Mourelatos, Z., Kosova, E., Hu, J. et al., "Uncertainty Assessment in Restraint System Optimization for Occupants of Tactical Vehicles," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 9(2):436-443, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0316.
We have recently obtained experimental data and used them to develop computational models to quantify occupant impact responses and injury risks for military vehicles during frontal crashes. The number of experimental tests and model runs are however, relatively small due to their high cost. While this is true across the auto industry, it is particularly critical for the Army and other government agencies operating under tight budget constraints. In this study we investigate through statistical simulations how the injury risk varies if a large number of experimental tests were conducted. We show that the injury risk distribution is skewed to the right implying that, although most physical tests result in a small injury risk, there are occasional physical tests for which the injury risk is extremely large. We compute the probabilities of such events and use them to identify optimum design conditions to minimize such probabilities. We also show that the results are robust to various assumptions that the statistical simulations use.