Xu, W., Shi, X., Bai, T., Yang, G. et al., "A New Measurement of Aluminum Alloy Edge Stretching Limit Based on Digital Image Correlation Method," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-0417, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-0417.
In Aluminum Alloy, AA, sheet metal forming, the through thickness cracking at the edge of cut out is one of the major fracture modes. In order to prevent the edge cracking in production forming process, practical edge stretch limit criteria are needed for virtual forming prediction and early stamping trial evaluations. This paper proposes new methods for determining the edge stretching limit of the sheet coupons, with and without pre-stretching, based on the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. A numbers of sets of notch-shaped smaller coupons with three different pre-stretching conditions (near 5%, 10% and fractured) are cut from the prestretched large specimens. Then the notch-shaped smaller coupons are stretched by uniaxial tension up to through edge cracking observed. A dual-camera 3D-DIC system is utilized to measure both coupon face strain and thickness strain in the notch area at the same time. The edge cracking thickness strain limit with the influence of different pre-strain then can be obtained based on the DIC measurements.