Marelli, S., Marmorato, G., Capobianco, M., and Boulanger, J., "Towards the Direct Evaluation of Turbine Isentropic Efficiency in Turbocharger Testing," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1033, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1033.
Turbocharging is playing today a fundamental role not only to improve automotive engine performance, but also to reduce fuel consumption and exhaust emissions for both Spark Ignition and diesel engines. Dedicated experimental investigations on turbochargers are therefore necessary in order to get a better understanding of its performance. The availability of experimental information on realistic turbine steady flow performance is an essential requirement to optimize engine-turbocharger matching calculations developed in simulation models. This aspect is more noticeable as regards turbine efficiency, since its swallowing capacity can be accurately evaluated through the measurement of mass flow rate, inlet temperature and pressure ratio across the machine. Actually, in the case of a turbocharger turbine, isentropic efficiency directly evaluated starting from measurement of thermodynamic parameters at the inlet and outlet sections can give significant errors. This inaccuracy is mainly related to the difficulty of a correct evaluation of the turbine outlet temperature due to the flow field and temperature distribution at the exit of the machine.In the paper a preliminary experimental analysis on the direct evaluation of turbine isentropic efficiency is reported. In particular, a specific “hand-made” three holes probe was adopted to measure flow field distribution and thermodynamic quantities downstream the turbine.