Jeong, J., Karbowski, D., Rousseau, A., and Rask, E., "Model Validation of the Honda Accord Plug-In," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1151, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1151.
This paper presents the validation of an entire vehicle model of the Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), which has a new powertrain system that can be driven in both series and parallel hybrid drive using a clutch, including thermal aspects. The Accord PHEV is a series-parallel PHEV with about 21 km of all-electric range and no multi-speed gearbox. Vehicle testing was performed at Argonne’s Advanced Powertrain Research Facility on a chassis dynamometer set in a thermal chamber. First, components (engine, battery, motors and wheels) were modeled using the test data and publicly available assumptions. This includes calibration of the thermal aspects, such as engine efficiency as a function of coolant temperature. In the second phase, the vehicle-level control strategy, especially the energy management, was analyzed in normal conditions in both charge-depleting and charge-sustaining modes. The third part examined how different thermal conditions such as environmental conditions (-7°C or 35°C with solar load) or vehicle state (soaked or warmed-up vehicle) affect the control strategy. Finally, the validation of the model implemented in Autonomie, a high-fidelity, forward-looking vehicle simulation tool, is presented. The fuel consumption figures are within the test-to-test variability, while many of the operation and control signals are also matched. Now that it has been validated, this model can be used for a wide range of simulations studies that include temperature as a parameter for the comparison and optimization of components, vehicle powertrain system, or control algorithm.