Pinkelman, B. and Song, W., "Measuring Vibration Characteristics in Seating," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1313, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1313.
Most methods of vibration analysis focus on measuring the level of vibration. Some methods like ISO-2631 weigh vibration level based on human sensitivity of location, direction, and frequency. Sound can be similarly measured by sound pressure level in dB. It may also be weighted to human frequency sensitivity such as dBA but sound and noise analysis has progressed to measure sound quality. The characteristic and the nature of the sound is studied; for example equal or near equal sound levels can provide different experiences to the listener. Such is the question for vibration; can vibration quality be assessed just as sound quality is assessed?Early on in our studies, vibration sensory experts found a difference in 4 seats yet no objective measurement of vibration level could reliably confirm the sensory experience. Still these particular experiences correlated to certain verbal descriptors including smoothness/roughness. This new metric tries to capture that specific sensory experience. A larger study was done with more road profiles and non-expert occupants that further confirmed that this proposed metric correlated equally or better to sensory when compared to other industry established metrics.