Jan, J., Prabhu, E., Chen, X., and Weiss, U., "Enhanced Heat Transfer Coefficient (HTC) Method to Model Air Quench Process: HTC Patching for More Accurate FEA Temperature Calculation," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 9(2):489-496, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4271/2016-01-1383.
Air quenching is a common manufacturing process in automotive industry to produce high strength metal component by cooling heated parts rapidly in a short period of time. With the advancement of finite element analysis (FEA) methods, it has been possible to predict thermal residual stress by computer simulation. Previous research has shown that heat transfer coefficient (HTC) for steady air quenching process is time and temperature independent but strongly flow and geometry dependent. These findings lead to the development of enhanced HTC method by performing CFD simulation and extracting HTC information from flow field. The HTC obtained in this fashion is a continuous function over the entire surface. In current part of the research, two patching algorithms are developed to divide entire surface into patches according to HTC profile and each patch is assigned a discrete HTC value. Also included in this research is the performance comparison of the two patching algorithms by analyzing the errors.