Rose, N., Carter, N., and Beauchamp, G., "Post-Impact Dynamics for Vehicles with a High Yaw Velocity," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1470, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1470.
Calculating the speed of a yawing and braked vehicle often requires an estimate of the vehicle deceleration. During a steering induced yaw, the rotational velocity of the vehicle will typically be small enough that it will not make up a significant portion of the vehicle’s energy. However, when a yaw is impact induced and the resulting yaw velocity is high, the rotational component of the vehicle’s kinetic energy can be significant relative to the translational component. In such cases, the rotational velocity can have a meaningful effect on the deceleration, since there is additional energy that needs dissipated and since the vehicle tires can travel a substantially different distance than the vehicle center of gravity. In addition to the effects of rotational energy on the deceleration, high yaw velocities can also cause steering angles to develop at the front tires. This too can affect the deceleration since it will influence the slip angles at the front tires. This paper explores the influence of high rotational energies and impact induced steering on the deceleration experienced by a vehicle following an impact.