Patel, H., Casino, M., Noakes, D., Kauffman, N. et al., "Suspension Variables Influencing Static Vehicle Wheel Alignment Measurements," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 9(2):551-559, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1571.
This paper is part of a bigger research effort that aims to capture the influences of static wheel alignment measurement accuracy for road going vehicles. Vehicle alignments can and often are the bottleneck in automotive and truck assembly lines and a greater understanding of the issues are very valuable. The alignment equipment in this research has been tuned and adjusted to minimize external variables and the team of authors have 300+ vehicle measurements. Of the many things that influence the accuracy and repeatability of vehicle suspension alignment measurement and adjustment, the measurement procedures can be the most significant. This includes but is not limited to alignment machine setup and vehicle tire pressures.