Xu, T., Shen, Y., and Zhang, W., "In-Situ Steering Dynamics Analysis of Skid Steering for Articulated Motor-Driven Vehicle," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 9(2):903-911, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1646.
The traditional hydraulic steering mode in articulated motor-driven vehicle makes the vehicle structure complex. Further more, the forces between the front and rear part of the articulated vehicle could damage the articulated joint body in the process of vehicle steering. However, skid steering mode could make the vehicle steer with the different speed of each wheel, which is flexible without hydraulic steering system. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the principle of skid steering mode in articulated motor-driven vehicle. In this paper, the theory of traditional wheeled vehicle’s skid-steering mode and hydraulic steering mode of articulated vehicle are used to establish the in-situ skid-steering kinematic and dynamic model. Based on the model, the vehicle trajectory and the dynamic relationships among the body structure of the vehicle, longitudinal forces, lateral forces of each wheel are described. With these analyses, the kinematic and dynamic simulations are implemented according to the parameters of an underground mine articulated vehicle, which could provide references for the designing and studying of articulated motor-driven vehicle with skid steering mode.