Frank, H. and Munz, C., "Aeroacoustic Tonal Noise Generation Analysis on a Simplified Side-View Mirror Using a High Order Discontinuous Galerkin Spectral Element Method," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1803, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1803.
Avoiding narrowband components in the acoustic spectrum is one of the most critical objectives in the automotive aeroacoustic optimization process. The underlying physical mechanisms are not completely understood. In a preceding numerical and experimental investigation, we performed large eddy simulations of an early-development stage realistic side-view mirror, where tonal noise was captured and the principle mechanisms were identified. In this contribution, we present simulations on a simplified two-dimensional geometry that is based on these findings. It is shown that the basic flow topology relevant for tonal noise generation on the original side-view mirror as well as the tonal noise source is reproduced in the 2D case. Furthermore, we present comparisons with measurements and the necessity and influence of a splitter plate downstream of the 2D body to avoid large scale vortex shedding. The present results are the basis for ongoing, detailed numerical analyses of the fundamental source mechanism.