Wu, W., Lin, Y., Chow, L., Gyasi, E. et al., "Electromechanical Actuator Cooling Fan Blades Design and Optimization," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1994, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-1994.
For aircraft electromechanical actuator (EMA) cooling applications using forced air produced by axial fans, the main objective in fan design is to generate high static pressure head, high volumetric flow rate, and high efficiency over a wide operating range of rotational speed (1x∼3x) and ambient pressure (0.2∼1 atm). In this paper, a fan design based on a fan diameter of 86 mm, fan depth (thickness) of 25.4 mm, and hub diameter of 48 mm is presented. The blade setting angle and the chord lengths at the leading and trailing edges are varied in their suitable ranges to determine the optimal blade profiles. The fan static pressure head, volumetric flow rate, and flow velocity are calculated at various ambient pressures and rotational speeds. The optimal blade design in terms of maximum total-to-total pressure ratio and efficiency at the design point is obtained via CFD simulation. A 5-blade configuration yields the best performance in terms of efficiency and total pressure ratio. Our designed fan can perform satisfactorily as a cooling fan for EMA by operating at a rotational speed of 8,000∼22,000 rpm and in an ambient environment of 0.2∼1 atm.