Jagdale, V. and Tangudu, J., "Topology Optimized End Winding for Additively Manufactured Induction Motor with Distributed Winding," SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-2060, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-2060.
It is desired to reduce stator end winding length and mass to reduce associated resistive losses, increase efficiency and power density of an induction motor. With recent advancements in additive manufacturing technology, it is possible to deposit copper conductive paths and insulation layers in a selective controlled manner. This enables more compact end winding designs. The objective of this paper is to present a topology optimization based approach for design of stator end winding to minimize its overall length, volume and mass. Design approach and parametric study results for a representative stator design are presented in this paper. By reducing length of end winding, efficiency and power density of the induction motor can be increased enabling benefit realization for weight critical aerospace applications, incorporation in electric vehicle market and potentially reducing rare-earth dependency.