Gingrich, E., Janecek, D., and Ghandhi, J., "Experimental Investigation of the Impact of In-Cylinder Pressure Oscillations on Piston Heat Transfer," SAE Int. J. Engines 9(3):1958-1969, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-01-9044.
An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the impact in-cylinder pressure oscillations have on piston heat transfer. Two fast-response surface thermocouples embedded in the piston top measured transient temperature and a commercial wireless telemetry system was used to transmit thermocouple signals from the moving piston. Measurements were made in a light-duty single-cylinder research engine operated under low temperature combustion regimes including Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) and Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) and Conventional Diesel (CDC). The HCCI data showed a correlated trend of higher heat transfer with increased pressure oscillation strength, while the RCCI and CDC data did not. An extensive HCCI data set was acquired. The heat transfer rate - when corrected for differences in cylinder pressure and gas temperature - was found to positively correlate with increased pressure oscillations. It is important to normalize the data before drawing conclusions as the magnitude of the effect was diminished significantly by the normalization procedure.