Rawat, A., Singh, A., Singh, H., and Sharma, D., "Consideration of Indian Turbans in Vehicle Design," SAE Technical Paper 2016-28-0044, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-28-0044.
India is a country of diversity. From North to South, east to west, one can find altogether different culture, religions, spoken languages, foods, weather conditions, people lifestyles, dressing styles etc. This vast diversity of India poses a great challenge in front of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, so as to assimilate all the requirements (of this big nation) in one single car (design).For example, many people in India wear turban (out of their religious beliefs or cultural heritage). So, is it required to keep enough consideration for Turban wearing population in vehicle design? Turban, unlike caps or hats, is something which is tied on the head (not just only kept). It is something which cannot be removed whenever required. So, it can somehow be considered as an integral part of body (as an added head dimension). So, it becomes all the more important to thoroughly understand this aspect & keep a consideration for the same in vehicle design. Moreover, persons wearing turbans often complain about less head clearance or difficulty in entry-egress etc. inside their vehicles.This paper focusses on a Research study for identification of different types of Turbans across India, their sizes, shapes, usage & variations. Also, the various types of turbans have been digitized, standardized & further Integrated with Digital human models to propose required corrections in head geometry (in static & dynamic conditions) to ensure best in class comfort for turban wearing population in the design of a car.