Moura, F., de Paula, G., Maia, G., Baars, E. et al., "Powertrain Air Intake System Noise Simulation Considering 0D/1D and 3D Numeric Methodologies," SAE Technical Paper 2016-36-0433, 2016, doi:10.4271/2016-36-0433.
The powertrain air intake system in internal combustion engines have great effect over power and torque, generally it is designed for high volumetric efficiency, however it is as well an important source of noise with effects over the internal comfort of the occupiers of the vehicle and the pass-by noise. It is known that increasing the transversal sections of the ducts of passage is one of the usual ways to increase the volumetric efficiency of the intake process, but on the other hand, this procedure decreases the capacity of acoustical attenuation generating an increase in the radiated noise. We have here a very conflicting situation, which requires a balance or adjustment of these parameters of project. In these situations the utilization of numerical tools are of great value, for they allow to evaluate and optimize the variables with conflicting effects, especially here the acoustical and fluid dynamical performances. Theses simulations can use 0D/1D and/or 3D numerical tools. The 0D/1D simulation is simpler and have less computational cost, with it is possible to evaluate the acoustical and volumetric performance, however with certain limitations. The 3D numerical tools of linear acoustics and CFD allows more detailed results, in a wider range of operation, however with a computational cost way higher. In this paper will be presented comparative results between these numerical technologies as well as the definition of the limitations and frequency range that can be used.