Foreseeable misuse in automated driving vehicles – The human factor in fatal accidents of complex automation

Paper #:
  • 2017-01-0059

Published:
  • 2017-03-28
Abstract:
Today, highly automated driving is paving the road for full autonomy. From basic cruise control to complex automated systems, there is a wide range of technology on the road and more highly automated systems are being rigorously tested that are soon going to be available to consumers. Highly automated vehicles can monitor the environment and make decisions more accurately and faster than humans to create safer driving conditions while ultimately achieving full automation to relieve the driver completely from participating in driving. As much as this transition from advanced driving assistance systems to fully automated driving will create frontiers for re-designing the in-vehicle experience for customers, it will continue to pose significant challenges for the industry as it did in the past and does so today. As we transfer more responsibility, functionality and control from human to machine, technologies become more complex, less transparent and making constant safe-guarding a challenge. With automation, potential misuse and insufficient system safety design are important factors that cause fatal accidents, such as in TESLA autopilot and caravan cruise control incidents. This paper investigates the human factor in these fatal accidents from foreseeable misuse and insufficient system safety design perspectives. Fatal incidents, caused by different generations of autonomous systems are analyzed. Liability and product compliance topics of safety critical systems, procedures and controlled environment, are investigated and compared for US and EU regulations. Competency of automotive industry standards are evaluated within today’s automation needs, and compared against proven-in-use standards from other industries, in which high automation and high risk mitigation are also challenging issues. As a result, this paper unveils industry challenges in complex automated systems, caused by human factor resulting from foreseeable misuse and insufficient system safety design to prevent fatal incidents. Other relevant sessions: SS302 - AE506 - M202
Access
Now
SAE MOBILUS Subscriber? You may already have access.
Buy
Attention: This item is not yet published. Pre-Order to be notified, via email, when it becomes available.
Select
Price
List
Download
$22.00
Mail
$22.00
Members save up to 36% off list price.
Share
HTML for Linking to Page
Page URL

Related Items

Article
2016-02-02
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2003-06-17
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2003-06-17
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2003-06-17
Article
2016-02-02
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2003-06-16
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2004-11-16
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2003-06-17
Training / Education
2017-04-03