Hahanov, V., Gharibi, W., Litvinova, E., Chumachenko, S. et al., "Cloud-Driven Traffic Monitoring and Control Based on Smart Virtual Infrastructure," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0092, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0092.
The new cyber-technological culture of the transport control based on virtual road signs and streetlight signals on the screen of car is the future of Humanity. A cyber-physical system (CPS) Smart Cloud Traffic Control, which realizes the mentioned culture, is proposed; it is characterized by the presence of the digitized regulatory rules, vehicles, infrastructure components, and also accurate monitoring, active cloud streetlight-free cyber control of road users, traffic lights, automatic output of operational regulatory actions (virtual traffic signs and traffic signals) to monitor of each vehicle. The main components of the cyber-physical system are the following: infrastructure, road users and rules, which have digital representation in cyberspace to realize a route, based on digital monitoring and cloud mobile control. We offer innovative services, which implement digital monitoring and cloud control as a scalable prototype of a global system that uses the following technology: precise positioning of moving and stationary objects, digital cartography, cyber-physical systems and Internet of Things, Advanced Wireless Communication and Big Data Analytics. The basic idea is to improve the quality and safety of traffic through the implementation of metric regulation of traffic, based on digital monitoring and active cloud cyber control, and also the use of intelligent virtual traffic lights and signs, which gives an opportunity to significantly improve the comfort of a car trip, reduce the overhead in time and cost of route execution. Components for the implementation of global cloud traffic control services are the following: 1) Smart is the definition of the process or phenomenon associated with the network interaction of the addressable system components in time and space between themselves and the environment, based on self-learning technologies to achieve their goals. 2) The Smart Cyber-Physical System is a set of communicatively connected to the network addressable virtual and real components in the digitized metric space with features of adequate physical monitoring, optimal cloud control and self-learning in real time to achieve their goals. 3) Internet of Things is a structure of cyber-physical systems, combining the centers of large data, knowledge, services and applications aimed to monitor and control of smart processes and phenomena in the digitized physical space by using the sensors actuators to provide high standards of living and saving the planet environment. 4) Computing is a branch of knowledge, focused on research, design and application of systems, networks and cloud-mobile services for monitoring and control of cyber-physical processes and phenomena. The development of computing, the main function of which is cyber control, should only be considered in conjunction with the real or the physical world, a part of which is humanity. There is interaction between the two worlds, the real and the virtual ones: humanity always poorly manages the real world and creates computing as his assistant. As a perfect mechanism, computing takes control of technological processes in humanity. 5) The market feasibility of the global cloud services for traffic control without physical infrastructure, traffic lights and road signs is at least 100 billion dollars. The economic effect of the transfer of road infrastructure in cyberspace, including the license plates is 500 billion dollars a year.