Kandasamy, N. and Whelan, S., "Sensitivity Analysis of Windshield Defrost Characteristics Impact on Occupant Thermal Comfort," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0143, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0143.
During cabin warm-up, effective air distribution by vehicle climate control systems plays a vital role. For adequate visibility to the driver, major portion of the air is required to be delivered through the defrost center ducts to clear the windshield. HVAC unit deliver hot air with help of cabin heater and PTC heater. When hot air interacts with cold windshield it causes thermal losses, and windshield act as sink. This process may causes in delay of cabin warming during consecutive cabin warming process. Thus it becomes essential to predict the effect of different windscreen defrost characteristics. In this paper, sensitivity analysis is carried for different windscreen defrosts characteristics like ambient conditions, modes of operation; change in material properties along with occupant thermal comfort is predicted. An integrated 1D/3D CFD approach is proposed to evaluate these conditions. Detailed thermal boundary conditions are considered in 1D heat transfer method and coupled with 3D convection human comfort model.