Wang, Y., Hofmann, H., Rizzo, D., and Shurin, S., "Computationally-Efficient Heat Convection Model for Electric Machines," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0260, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0260.
This paper presents a computationally-efficient model of heat convection due to air circulation produced by rotor motion in the air gap of an electric machine. The model calculates heat flux at the boundaries of the rotor and stator as a function of the rotor and stator temperatures and rotor speed. It is shown that, under certain assumptions, this mapping has the homogeneity property. This property, among others, is used to pose a structure for the proposed model. The coefficients of the model are then determined by fitting the model to the results of a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation program. The accuracy of the new model is compared to the CFD results, shown an error of less than 0.3% over the studied operating range.