Simulation of a three-way catalyst using transient single and multi-channel models

Paper #:
  • 2017-01-0966

Published:
  • 2017-03-28
Abstract:
The importance to reduce automotive exhaust gas emissions is constantly increasing. Not only the country-specific laws or regulations are getting more stringent also the global increase of automobiles is requiring a responsible handling of the issue. The three-way-catalytic converter (TWC) is one of the most common catalysts for the engine exhaust gas after treatment. The reduction of CO, NO and unburned hydrocarbons is fulfilled via oxidation of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons, and reduction of nitrogen oxides. These conversion effects were simulated in previous works using single channel approaches [e.g. Fröjd/Mauss, SAE International 2011-01-1306] and detailed kinetic models [e.g Chatterjee et al., Faraday Discussions 119 (2001) 371-384 and Koop et al., Appl. Catal.B: Environmental 91 (2009), 47-58]. Single channel and multiple representative catalyst channel models are used in this work. Heat losses in between the catalyst are considered with the multi-channel approach. Each channel is split into a user given number of cells and each cell is treated like a perfectly stirred reactor (PSR). The simulation is validated against an experimental four-stroke engine setup with emission outputs fed into a TWC. Next to the emissions the transient temperature increase is simulated in order to model the catalyst light off temperature. The heat transfer is modelled by wall heat losses to provide a proper heat dissipation out of the catalyst. The simulation results show a good agreement to the experimental data with low computational cost.
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