Liu, X., Kim, J., Chanko, T., Lambert, C. et al., "A Modeling Analysis of Fibrous Media for Gasoline Particulate Filters," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-0967, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0967.
With an emerging need for gasoline particulate filters (GPFs) to lower particle emissions from gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines, studies are being conducted to optimize GPF designs in order to balance filtration efficiency, backpressure penalty, filter size, cost and other factors. Metal fiber filters could offer additional designs to the GPF portfolio, which is currently dominated by ceramic wall-flow filters. However, knowledge on their performance as GPFs is still limited. In this study, modeling on backpressure and filtration efficiency of fibrous media was carried out to determine the basic design criteria (filtration area, filter thickness and size) for different target efficiencies and backpressures at given gas flow conditions. Filter media with different fiber sizes (8 - 17 μm) and porosities (80% - 95%) were evaluated using modeling to determine the influence of fiber size and porosity. A comparison of design criteria for fibrous filters and their ceramic counterparts is also discussed.