In the last few years, the effect of diabatic test conditions on compressor performance maps has been widely investigated leading some Authors to propose different correction models. The aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of heat transfer phenomena on the experimental definition of turbocharger maps, focusing on turbine performance. An experimental investigation on a small turbocharger for automotive application has been carried out and presented. The study focused onto the effects of internal heat transfer on turbine thermo-mechanical efficiency. The experimental campaign was developed considering the effect of different heat transfer state by varying turbine inlet temperature, oil and coolant temperature and compressor inlet pressure. An original model developed by the Authors is adopted for the correction of compressor steady flow maps. The major benefit of this method is represented by the easiness of data post-processing, the data base economy, the reduced number of geometrical and physical input parameters required and the accuracy of the solution. Besides, this model does not need an out-of-standard test bench to obtain the compressor maps. The corrected compressor results were then used to evaluate turbine thermo-mechanical efficiency, generally assessed on the basis of compressor power absorption.