Joshi, Y., "Gear Whine Noise Due to Deformation- A Case Study," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1122, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-1122.
Vehicle noise has reduced over the years due to the customer demand for quieter vehicles. As the background noises such as combustion noise, pumping noise, etc. have reduced, mechanical noises such as gear noise have become prominent and a major cause of customer complaints. Engine timing gear train uses gears for transferring torque to cam and accessory gears. As engines have become quieter by efforts to reduce the combustion noise, as well as, by moving away from mechanical fuel pumps to common rail fuel pumps, the gear train noise has come under increased scrutiny.Gear whine could be a result of multiple factors. Gear profile distortion is one of the factors. Gear torque variation also has a significant effect on gear whine. Operation of the accessory drives such as hydraulic pumps under variable loads and speeds, is one of the major challenges for resolving a gear whine issue in the engine gear train. ISO 10064 provides guidance on the distortion due to temperature effects, but there is not much published literature about gear whine due to distortion. The work attempts to fill that gap by describing a gear whine problem due to profile distortion and load change and its resolution by changing the gear design.