Hong, H., Sevillano, J., Kain, C., Hofer, G. et al., "Alternatives in Battery Communication Protocols," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1212, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-1212.
The automotive industry is moving from fossil carburant to electric drive trains due to the stringent CO2 reduction policies. In this context, the electric energy storage becomes one of the key parameters of successful rolling out electrified vehicles. Typical battery management systems comprises of battery cells measurement and monitoring, balancing function, temperature monitoring, together with the State of Charge and State of Health estimations based on the given measurements. Together with the functions above, a robust internal IC communication protocol is one of the key parameters to guarantee battery performance as well as safety.This paper focuses on the automotive battery communication system. On one side, the importance of the communication system and its impact in the EDT (electric drive train) is discussed including safety aspects. Later on, the different communication methods up to date are analyzed to further understand their limitations. Finally an optimized alternative is proposed at the end of the paper. As a reference, the Infineon battery management IC TLE8001QK will be used to support the discussion.