Shisa, N., Ishihara, S., Huang, Y., Asai, M. et al., "Colorimetric Sensor for Facile Identification of Methanol-Containing Gasoline," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1288, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-1288.
Despite the fact that methanol is toxic to human health and causes serious damage to automobile engines and fuel system components, methanol-containing gasoline is becoming popular in some areas. Methanol demonstrates similar chemical properties to ethanol (which is already established as an additive to gasoline), so that it is difficult to identify methanol-containing gasoline without performing proper chemical analysis. In this study, we report a low-cost, portable, and easy-to-operate sensor that selectively changes color in response to methanol contained in gasoline. The colorimetric sensor will be useful for automobile users to avoid methanol-containing gasoline upon refueling.