Application of 3D Visualization in Modeling Wheel Stud Contact Patterns with Rotating and Stationary Surfaces

Paper #:
  • 2017-01-1414

Published:
  • 2017-03-28
Abstract:
When the steer axle of a vehicle with protruding wheel studs makes contact with another vehicle or object in a sideswipe configuration, the tires and wheel studs of the vehicle can deposit distinct geometrical patterns onto the surfaces it contacts. Prior research has demonstrated how relative speeds between the two vehicles and surfaces can be calculated through analysis of the distinct patterns. This paper presents a methodology for performing this analysis by visually modeling the interaction between wheel studs and various surfaces, and presents a method for automating the calculations of relative speed between vehicles. This methodology also augments prior research by demonstrating how the visual modeling and simulation of the wheel stud contact can extend to almost any surface interaction that may not have any previous prior published tests, or test methods that would be difficult to setup in real life. Specifically, the modeling and simulating of wheel stud contact is evaluated on more complex geometry, stationary objects, and the sidewall of another rotating tire.
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