This paper reviews the state-of-the art approaches for car-trailer lateral stability control. Ensuring the lateral stability and handling of a car-and-trailer combination remains one of the challenges in active safety system design and development for articulated vehicles. A literature review focusing on car-trailer lateral stability control is presented, which covers the effects of external factors like aerodynamic forces, tire forces, and road and climatic conditions. To address the effects of these factors on the lateral stability of car-trailer combination, researchers have investigated numerous passive and active safety control techniques. Some promising control schemes, such as active trailer steering control (ATSC), active trailer braking (ATB) and model reference adaptive controller (MRAC) are analyzed. A comparative study of these control strategies is presented in terms of applicability and cost effectiveness.