Singh, N., Sharma, A., Shah, S., and Gardampaali, B., "Mechatronics Based Accident Alarming System with Automatic Roadblock Prevention System," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1728, 2017.
In any unlikely event of accidents or vehicle breakdown, there is accumulation of traffic which results in road-blockage and causes in convenience to other vehicles. If this happens in remote areas, the accidents victims are left unattended and there is delay in providing emergency services. In case of traffic, it obstructs the entry of ambulance and rescue team which results in death of passengers. To prevent this mishap, a mechatronics based road block avoidance and accident alarming system is designed which is automated by the use of sensors. The road-block is detected with the help sensors located at regular intervals on road. This input is given to a Local Control Unit (LCU) which is integrated on every road. Several such LCUs are connected to a Main Control Unit (MCU) which is located at the nearest police station. A single MCU covers the area administered by that police station. Additional CCTV cameras are present to give graphical view of accident. The MCU alerts the Traffic department, nearest Hospital and currently running ambulances for initiation of emergency services. There is also a group of small modular retractable robots which blocks the nearest entrance of the road to prevent further traffic accumulation. This paper shows the technology behind the this concept and its implementation