Neihguk, D. and Fulkar, S., "Acoustic Analysis of a Tractor Muffler," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1791, 2017.
Parametric model of a production hybrid (made up of reactive and dissipative elements) muffler for tractor engine is developed to compute the acoustic Transmission Loss (TL). The objective is to simplify complex muffler acoustic simulations without any loss of accuracy, robustness and usability so that it is accessible to all product development engineers and designers. The parametric model is a 3D Finite Element Method (FEM) based built in COMSOL model builder which is then converted into a user-friendly application (App) using COMSOL App builder. The uniqueness of the App lies in its ability to handle not only wide range of parametric variations but also variations in the physics and boundary conditions. This enables designers to explore various design options in the early design phase without the need to have deep expertise in a specific simulation tool nor in numerical acoustic modeling. The accuracy of the model is firstly verified with the results obtained from published literature. The validated models are then extended to the current application. Finally, parametric studies are conducted to obtain the effect of various design parameters and the results are presented as design guidelines which enables efficient and cost effective design of mufflers for tractor engines.