Singh, S., Mathur, A., Das, S., Sinha, P. et al., "Development of Smart PublicTransport System by Converting the Existing Conventional Vehicles to EV's in Indian Smart Cities," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-2011, 2017.
In the Smart Cities, main objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The process said for utilization of available resources is the best fit for our concept. Our concept is to convert and refurbish the old and scrap vehicles which will increase their longevity and can be used in any smart city in India or abroad. The ultimate aim to provide this technology for the development of any new smart city in India is the utilization of available resources and reduction in the junk materials and environmental pollution. Refurbishing the old and scrap vehicles with replacement of IC engines doesn’t mean that they will be kept as a scrap and be thrown away, our idea is to utilize maximum of all the available resources. The IC engines taken out of these vehicles will be re-used appropriately. These IC engines in the vehicles will be replaced by an electric retro fitment kit which will be entirely electric powered. After the conversion of conventional vehicles, it will be registered under Electric vehicles category by the regional transport office. These vehicles running on electric motor and battery are well equipped with internet to track the charging stations as well as other innovative smart solutions like nearest next vehicle available, its reservation for parking, online vehicle diagnostic system, vehicle health, etc. Charging stations for these vehicles will be connected directly with the solar, producing the power required to give the output for these vehicles and recharge 80% in just 15-20 minutes making EV’s 100% green.