On the Use of Built-In Test Effectivity Analysis

Paper #:
  • 2017-01-2051

  • 2017-09-19
Testability addresses the extent to which a system or unit supports fault detection and fault isolation in a confident, timely and cost-effective manner. The incorporation of adequate testability, including Built-In Test (BIT), requires early end systematic management attention to testability requirements, design and measurement. Whilst the design of BIT has become a standard design practice for a complex control system, the process to measure the effectiveness of such circuitry (both hardware and software) remains qualitative. The Built-In Test Effectivity Analysis or BEA tries to quantify such analysis at each phase; identifying requirement gaps that help design safer products. The BEA modifies standard reliability programme to use Functional Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FFMEA), and a reliability prediction of each functional group to generate a measure of how thoroughly the system can check itself. Initially discussed by Collet et al2, this method is restricted by assumptions such as exclusion of generic faults and incorruptible BIT circuitry. This paper aims to optimize the present methodology by using a modified Failure Mode Effects Summary (FMES) template to identify and isolate faults that help determine hardware/software requirements that can mitigate BIT circuitry faults as well as generic failures. In conclusion, this methodology would assist in optimizing BEA to include functional failures led by generic faults and annunciation gaps thereby identifying software and hardware requirements for an effective BIT circuitry of a complex control system.
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