Zeng, P., Zhang, P., Mei, B., Huang, S. et al., "The Research of the Heavy Truck’s Warming System," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-2221, 2017.
It’s not easy to start the engine in winter, especially in frigid highlands, because the low temperature increases the fuel’s viscosity, decreasing the lubricating oil flow ability and the storage performance of battery. Current electrical heating method can improve the engine starting performance in low temperature condition, but this method adds an external power to the engine, leading to the engine cannot maintain an efficient energy utilization. A warming device using the solar energy is designed to conserve the energy during the daytime, and directly warm up the engine at the time when the engine turns off for a long time, especially during the night. A solar collector installed on the top of the vehicle is used to convert the solar energy to the thermal energy, which is then transferred to the heat accumulator that contain the phase-change medium which can increase the heat storage performance. The solar energy is best used to supply for the engine warming system with the warming device. As a result, it can increase coolant’s initial temperature to reduce the per-heating time, so that prolong the engine’s service-life and decrease engine’s exhaust emission.