Zhao, H., Jing, D., Wang, Y., Shuai, S. et al., "Effects of Aromatic and Olefin on the Formations of PAHs in GDI Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-2390, 2017.
In this paper, the impacts of Aromatic and Olefin on the formation of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine were experimentally and numerically investigated. The objective of this study is to describe the formation process of the soot precursors including one ring to four ring aromatics (A1-A4). In order to better understand the effects of the fuel properties on the formations of PAHs. Three types of fuels, namely base gasoline, gasoline with higher aromatics content, and gasoline with higher olefin content were experimentally studied. At the same time, these aspects were also numerically investigated in the CHEMKIN code by using premixed laminar flame model and surrogated fuels. The results show that higher aromatics content in gasoline will lead to much higher PAHs formation. Similar trend was also found in the gasoline with higher olefin content. This study indicats that reducing the aromatic and olefin contents are efficient methods in decreasing the PAHs emissions.