Characterization of Knock Tendency and Onset in a GDI Engine by Means of Conventional Measurements and a Non-Conventional Flame Dynamics Optical Analysis

Paper #:
  • 2017-24-0099

  • 2017-09-04
Gasoline direct injection (GDI) allows knock tendency reduction in spark-ignition engines mainly due to the cooling effect of the in-cylinder fuel evaporation. However, the charge formation and thus the injection timing and strategies deeply affect the flame propagation and consequently the knock occurrence probability and intensity. Present work investigates the tendency to knock of a GDI engine at 1500 rpm full load under different injection strategies, single and double injections, obtained delivering the same amount of gasoline in two equal parts, the first during intake, the second during compression stroke. In these conditions, conventional and non-conventional measurements are performed on a 4-stroke, 4-cylinder, turbocharged GDI engine endowed of optical accesses to the combustion chamber. Imaging in the UV-visible range is carried out by means of a high spatial and temporal resolution camera through a wide transparent window in the piston head allowing the view of the whole combustion chamber almost until the cylinder walls, to include the end-gas zones. Optical data are correlated to in-cylinder pressure-based indicated analyses, accelerometer and ion current data, on a cycle resolved basis. This synergic analysis is used to explore the effect of modulating injection on the charge formation optimization and the deriving improvement of combustion and reduction of knock tendency. Split injection reduces engine cycle-by-cycle variability with respect to the single injection case, all the others relevant parameters remaining unchanged and increase the resistance to knock also changing relevantly the location of the knock onset.
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