Konka, H., Ramachandran, A., Pankaj, S., Ganesan, P. et al., "Innovative Design - Route to Functionally Graded Structures," SAE Technical Paper 2017-26-0157, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-26-0157.
Functionally graded materials enable structures to have distribution of different properties (physical, thermal, electrical, mechanical, etc.) across its volume; achievable via material/ design/ process engineering. These functionally graded materials can find an application in systems which demand localized variation or enhancement in properties in different regions of the same component.In this paper, we focus on the potential ways of designing functionally graded polymer composite structure by injection molding process. Advanced mold designs for injection molding process can be effectively used to manufacture the functionally graded structures. Innovative design approach has been explored to control the distribution of the filler content /orientation to impart distinctive properties across the cross section / geometry without affecting the bulk properties. This work also opens up future opportunities to predict structure-property relations of complex micro-structural morphologies that the functionally graded materials have to offer.